H. Suga, Life Science Research Center, Gifu University, Gifu 501-1193, Japan;
Y. Hirayama, Nara Prefectural Experiment Station, Nara 634-0813, Japan;
M. Morishima, Tochigi Prefectural Agricultural Experiment Station, Tochigi 320-0002 Japan;
T. Suzuki, Chiba Prefectural Agriculture and Forestry Research Center, Chiba 266-0006 Japan;
K. Kageyama, River Basin Research Center, Gifu University, 501-1193, Gifu, Japan; and
M. Hyakumachi, Faculty of Applied Biological Science, Gifu University, 501-1193, Gifu, Japan
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Accepted for publication 12 November 2012.
Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. fragariae is a fungal pathogen causing Fusarium wilt on strawberry. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) primers that can discriminate F. oxysporum f. sp. fragariae from nonpathogenic F. oxysporum would greatly assist pathogen identification. In order to develop a molecular diagnostic tool for this pathogen, transposable elements in the pathogen were characterized and used for designing a specific set of PCR primers. Portions of the transposable elements Fot3, Han, Hop, Hornet1, and Skippy were detected in all 33 strains of F. oxysporum f. sp. fragariae tested by PCR, whereas Foxy was detected in 32 strains and Impala sequences were detected in 30 strains. Two types of sequences were detected for Hop, two types for Impala, and three types for Skippy. The genomic region between Han and Skippy was amplified by an inter-retrotransposon amplified polymorphism technique, and PCR primers (FofraF and FofraR) to specifically identify F. oxysporum f. sp. fragariae were designed from this region. The developed PCR primers discriminated F. oxysporum f. sp. fragariae strains from nonpathogenic F. oxysporum strains and five other formae speciales. Conidia of F. oxysporum f. sp. fragariae could be detected in brown lowland-type soil by PCR using the primers. After preculturing the soil sample on FoG2 medium, 1 × 102 conidia/g of soil could be detected; without preculturing, 1 × 103 conidia/g of soil were detected.
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