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Vertical Distribution of Pratylenchus spp. in Silt Loam Soil and Pacific Northwest Dryland Crops

December 2008 , Volume 92 , Number  12
Pages  1,662 - 1,668

Richard W. Smiley, Professor, Jason G. Sheedy, Faculty Research Assistant, and Sandra A. Easley, Faculty Research Assistant, Oregon State University, Columbia Basin Agricultural Research Center, P.O. Box 370, Pendleton, OR 97801

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Accepted for publication 28 August 2008.

Dryland field crops in the Pacific Northwest United States are commonly produced in silt loams infested by the root-lesion nematodes Pratylenchus neglectus and P. thornei. Soils at 30 sites in Oregon were sampled from 0 to 120 cm depth to examine the vertical distribution of these Pratylenchus spp. Both species were distributed through entire soil profiles of all cropping systems. Populations were generally greatest in the surface 30 cm, but sometimes high populations were detected at depths greater than 45 cm. Sampling to 30 cm depth allowed detection of more than 50% of the population in most sites, while sampling to 45 cm depth yielded more than 75% of the population in over 75% of the sites evaluated. Therefore, soil samples should be collected to 30 to 45 cm depth to accurately estimate populations of Pratylenchus spp. in dryland crops produced on silt loams in the Pacific Northwest. Populations of Pratylenchus spp. were found to be related to the most recently planted crop, with populations after barley, after wheat, and during summer fallow being detected in ascending order.

Additional keywords:chemical fallow, cultivated summer fallow, Hordeum vulgare, mustard, Sinapsis alba, Triticum aestivum

© 2008 The American Phytopathological Society