S. P. Fernández-Pavía, and
E. Garay-Serrano, Laboratorio de Patología Vegetal, Universidad Michoacana de San Nicolas de Hidalgo, IIAF, Morelia, Michoacan, 58262, Mexico
During June and July of 2007, powdery mildew-infected tomato (Lycopersicum esculentum Mill. cv. Reserve) plants were observed in a commercial greenhouse with an open hydroponic system in Morelia County. Disease incidence increased from 0.5% to more than 90% in 1 month. Infected plants showed leaves with irregular areas of dense, white mycelium covering most of the upper surface. Microscopic analysis showed hyaline, septate hyphae with lobed appressoria. Conidia were ellipsoid to ovoid and 30 to 45 (38) μm × 15 to 20 (16) μm. Conidiophores were erect, 80 to 120 (103) μm, consisted of a foot cell 42 to 67 (56) μm, and two to three short cells. Conidia were produced singly. On the basis of the observed morphological characteristics, the fungus was identified as Oidium neolycopersici L. Kiss (1). Pathogenicity tests were conducted on fourth true-leaf tomato seedlings cv. Reserve under greenhouse conditions (22 ± 5°C). Inoculation was performed by transferring conidia from infected leaves to the leaves of uninfected tomato seedlings with a single-edged razor blade. Powdery mildew symptoms began to develop 7 days after inoculation. Symptoms and morphological characteristics were similar to those observed in the commercial greenhouse. Noninoculated plants remained healthy throughout the experiments. To our knowledge, this is the first report of O. neolycopersici causing powdery mildew on tomato in Michoacan, Mexico. This disease has been reported from Canada, Europe, Japan, the United States (2), and Venezuela (3) on greenhouse and field tomato crops. The observed high incidence and severe infection indicates that this disease may become an important problem in greenhouse tomatoes in Mexico.
References: (1) L. Kiss et al. Mycol. Res. 105:684, 2001. (2) L. Kiss et al. Plant Dis. 89:491, 2005. (3) J. O. Montilla et al. Plant Dis. 91:910, 2007.