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Screening Triploid Hybrids of ‘Lakeland’ Limequat for Resistance to Citrus Canker

October 2004 , Volume 88 , Number  10
Pages  1,056 - 1,060

Z. Viloria , Assistant Professor, La Universidad Del Zulia, Departamento Botanica, Maracaibo, Edo. Zulia, Republica Bolivariana de Venezuela 4005ZU ; D. L. Drouillard , Senior Biological Scientist , J. H. Graham , Professor, University of Florida, IFAS, Soil and Water Science Department, Citrus Research and Education Center , and J. W. Grosser , Professor, University of Florida, IFAS, Horticultural Sciences, Citrus Research and Education Center, Lake Alfred 33850

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Accepted for publication 6 May 2004.

Resistance of citrus genotypes to Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. citri, the cause of Asiatic citrus canker (ACC), was evaluated by injection infiltration of 103 and 104 CFU/ml through stomates on the abaxial surface of immature leaves. Citrus genotypes for screening comprised two autotetraploids and nine triploid hybrids of ‘Lakeland’ limequat (Citrus aurantifolia × Fortunella japonica) and their progenitors (‘Lakeland’ limequat, the autotetraploids ‘Femminello’ lemon (Citrus limon) and ‘Giant Key’ lime (C. aurantifolia), and the somatic hybrids ‘Key’ [also known as ‘Mexican’] lime + ‘Valencia’ orange and ‘Hamlin’ orange + ‘Femminello’ lemon). ‘Meiwa’ kumquat (Fortunella crassifolia) and ‘Pineapple’ sweet orange (C. sinensis) were used as known resistant and susceptible standards, respectively. Lesion number per inoculation site and bacterial population per lesion were recorded 15 to 19 days after inoculation. The assay was performed four times during a spring-summer-fall period under greenhouse conditions. Canker lesions were consistently produced by stomatal inoculation with 104 but not 103 CFU/ml. Susceptible and resistant genotypes were separated based on lesion number per inoculation site and bacterial population per lesion. Spearman's rank correlation analysis for lesion numbers on 15 genotypes common to all four assays showed significant correlations among the genotype rankings. Genotype rankings were also significantly correlated between the two bacterial population assays. Lesion number per inoculation site is sufficient for assessment of resistance of citrus genotypes to ACC without the necessity of conducting bacterial population assays. ‘Lakeland’ limequat is a promising seed parent for breeding acid citrus fruit that is resistant to ACC.

© 2004 The American Phytopathological Society