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Evaluation of Application Methods of Metam Sodium for Management of Fusarium Crown and Root Rot in Tomato in Southwest Florida

August 1998 , Volume 82 , Number  8
Pages  919 - 923

R. J. McGovern , University of Florida-IFAS, Gulf Coast Research and Education Center, Bradenton 34203-9324 ; C. S. Vavrina , University of Florida-IFAS, Southwest Florida Research and Education Center, Immokalee 34143-5002 ; J. W. Noling , University of Florida-IFAS, Citrus Research and Education Center, Lake Alfred 33850-2299 ; L. A. Datnoff , University of Florida-IFAS, Everglades Research and Education Center, Belle Glade 33430-8003 ; and H. D. Yonce , Zeneca Ag Products, Deland, FL 32720

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Accepted for publication 24 April 1998.

Experiments were conducted during 1992 to 1995 to evaluate the effectiveness of application methods of metam sodium (MS; sodium N-methyldithio-carbamate) for the management of Fusarium crown and root rot (FCRR) caused by Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. radicis-lycopersici in mulched and staked tomatoes (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) grown on raised beds in commercial fields in southwest Florida. Efficacy of MS was compared with soil-injection of methyl bromide-chloropicrin (MBC), the current industry practice for production of tomatoes in Flor-ida. The incidence of FCRR was consistently high in nontreated plots (80 to 100%), but disease severity varied by site, and yields were reduced by 10 to 57% at sites with high disease severity when compared to sites treated with MBC at 336 to 448 kg/ha. Application of MBC reduced FCRR incidence in all experiments. Chemigation with MS at 701 or 935 liters/ha into mulched beds using either one or two drip irrigation tubes placed on the soil surface, and soil injection of MS at 935 liters/ha, failed to reduce the disease. The application of MS at 935 liters/ha to the soil surface prior to bed formation produced variable results. Rotovation of MS at the same rate into preformed beds consistently produced reductions in the incidence of FCRR equivalent to those achieved by MBC.

Additional keywords: fumigation, methyl bromide, sodium N-methyldithio-carbamate

© 1998 The American Phytopathological Society