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New Races of Puccinia striiformis Found in Europe Reveal Race Specificity of Long-Term Effective Adult Plant Resistance in Wheat

October 2014 , Volume 104 , Number  10
Pages  1,042 - 1,051

Chris K. Sørensen, Mogens S. Hovmøller, Marc Leconte, Françoise Dedryver, and Claude de Vallavieille-Pope

First and second authors: Aarhus University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Agroecology, Research Center Flakkebjerg, DK-4200 Slagelse, Denmark; third and fifth authors: INRA, UR1290 BIOGER-CPP, BP 01, 78850 Thiverval-Grignon, France; and fourth author: INRA, UMR IGEPP, Domaine de la Motte, BP35327, 35653 Le Rheu Cedex, France.

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Accepted for publication 26 February 2014.

Resistance to Puccinia striiformis was examined in nine wheat recombinant inbred lines (RILs) from a cross between ‘Camp Rémy’ (resistant parent) and ‘Récital’ (susceptible parent) using an isolate of a strain common to the northwestern European population before 2011 (old) and two additional isolates, one representing an aggressive and high-temperature-adapted strain (PstS2) and another representing a virulence phenotype new to Europe since 2011 (new). The RILs carried different combinations of quantitative trait loci (QTL) for resistance to P. striiformis. Under greenhouse conditions, the three isolates gave highly contrasting results for infection type, latent period, lesion length, and diseased leaf area. The PstS2 isolate revealed Yr genes and QTL which conferred complete resistance in adult plants. Six QTL had additive effects against the old isolate whereas the effects of these QTL were significantly lower for the new isolate. Furthermore, the new isolate revealed previously undetected resistance in the susceptible parent. Disease severity under field conditions agreed with greenhouse results, except for Camp Rémy being fully resistant to the new isolate and for two RILs being susceptible in the field. These results stress the need of maintaining high genetic diversity for disease resistance in wheat and of using pathogen isolates of diverse origin in studies of host resistance genetics.

Additional keywords: durable resistance, quantitative resistance, stripe (yellow) rust.

© 2014 The American Phytopathological Society