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Fine Mapping and Identification of Blast Resistance Gene Pi-hk1 in a Broad-Spectrum Resistant japonica Rice Landrace

November 2013 , Volume 103 , Number  11
Pages  1,162 - 1,168

Yunyu Wu, Yongmei Bao, Liujie Xie, Yunyun Su, Ruizhen Chu, Wanwan He, Ji Huang, Jianfei Wang, and Hongsheng Zhang

State Key Laboratory of Crop Genetics & Germplasm Enhancement, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095, China. Y. Wu and Y. Bao contributed equally to this work.

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Accepted for publication 18 May 2013.

One Japonica rice landrace, Heikezijing, from the Taihu Lake region of China, exhibits broad-spectrum resistance to rice blast. As characterized in our previous research, a main-effect resistance (R) gene, Pi-hk1, in Heikezijing against five isolates (GD10-279a, JS2004-141-1, JS2004-185, JS90-78, and Hoku1) was roughly mapped on the long arm of chromosome 11. To fine map Pi-hk1, one recombinant inbred line (RIL), RIL72 (F2:8), from the cross between Heikezijing and blast-susceptible variety Suyunuo, was further crossed and backcrossed with Suyunuo to produce a BC1F2 population of 477 individuals. Inoculation experiments with the representative isolate Hoku 1 indicated that RIL72 carries a single dominant R gene for blast resistance. With the help of advanced BC1F3 (915 plants), BC1F4 (4,459 plants), and BC1F5 (2,000 plants) mapping populations, Pi-hk1 was finally mapped to a 107-kb region between molecular markers P3586 and ILP3, and co-segregated with the markers P4098, RM7654, and P4099. By sequence analysis of Heikezijing bacterial artificial chromosome clones covering Pi-hk1 region, 16 predicted genes were identified within this region, including three nucleotide-binding site leucine-rich repeat candidate genes. These results provide essential information for cloning of Pi-hk1 and its application in rice breeding for broad-spectrum blast resistance by marker-assisted selection.

Additional keywords: gene prediction.

© 2013 The American Phytopathological Society