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Extending the Fungal Host Range of a Partitivirus and a Mycoreovirus from Rosellinia necatrix by Inoculation of Protoplasts with Virus Particles

September 2010 , Volume 100 , Number  9
Pages  922 - 930

Satoko Kanematsu, Atsuko Sasaki, Mari Onoue, Yuri Oikawa, and Tsutae Ito

First, third, fourth, and fifth author: Apple Research Station, National Institute of Fruit Tree Science, NARO, Shimokuriyagawa, Morioka 020-0123, Japan; and second author: National Institute of Fruit Tree Science, NARO, Fujimoto 2-1, Tsukuba 305-8605, Japan.

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Accepted for publication 10 May 2010.

The potential host range of mycoviruses is poorly understood because of the lack of suitable inoculation methods. Recently, successful transfection has been reported for somatically incompatible fungal isolates with purified virus particles of two mycoviruses, the partitivirus RnPV1-W8 (RnPV1) and the mycoreovirus RnMyRV3/W370 (MyRV3), from the white root rot fungus Rosellinia necatrix (class Sordariomycetes, subclass Xylariomycetidae). These studies examined and revealed the effect of the mycoviruses on growth and pathogenicity of R. necatrix. Here, we extended the experimental host range of these two mycoviruses using a transfection approach. Protoplasts of other phytopathogenic Sordariomycetous fungi—Diaporthe sp., Cryphonectria parasitica, Valsa ceratosperma (Sordariomycetidae), and Glomerella cingulata (Hypocreomycetidae)—were inoculated with RnPV1 and MyRV3 viral particles. The presence of double-stranded RNA viral genomes in regenerated mycelia of Diaporthe sp., C. parasitica, and V. ceratosperma confirmed both types of viral infections in these three novel host species. An established RnPV1 infection was confirmed in G. cingulata but MyRV3 did not infect this host. Horizontal transmission of both viruses from newly infected strains to virus-free, wild-type strains through hyphal anastomosis was readily achieved by dual culture; however, vertical transmission through conidia was rarely observed. The virulence of Diaporthe sp., C. parasitica, and V. ceratosperma strains harboring MyRV3 was reduced compared with their virus-free counterpart. In summary, our protoplast inoculation method extended the experimental host range of RnPV1-W8 and MyRV3 within the class Sordariomycetes and revealed that MyRV3 confers hypovirulence to the new hosts, as it does to R. necatrix.

Additional keywords: biological control, virocontrol.

© 2010 The American Phytopathological Society