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Genetic Analysis and Molecular Mapping of Quantitative Trait Loci in Common Bean Against Pythium ultimum

December 2010 , Volume 100 , Number  12
Pages  1,315 - 1,320

Ana Campa, Elena Pérez-Vega, Aida Pascual, and Juan José Ferreira

Área de Cultivos Hortofrutícolas y Forestales, Servicio Regional de Investigación y Desarrollo Agroalimentario (SERIDA), 33300, Villaviciosa, Asturias, Spain.

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Accepted for publication 31 July 2010.

Pythium ultimum is a soil pathogen that can cause seed decay and damage to roots in common bean. In this study, the response of a set of 40 common bean genotypes to P. ultimum and inheritance of the resistance in the 92 F7 recombinant inbred lines (RIL) developed from a cross between Xana and Cornell 49242 was investigated by using emergence rate and seedling vigor. Emergence of the 40 genotypes showed a significant association between white seed coat and response to this pathogen. Among these, 11 common bean genotypes, all with colored seeds, exhibited a high percentage of emergence and seedling vigor not significantly different (P > 0.05) to noninoculated plants. Response of the RIL population revealed both qualitative and quantitative modes of inheritance. A major gene (Py-1) controlling the emergence rate was mapped in the region of the gene P, a basic color gene involved in control of seed coat color, located on LG 7. Using the RIL subpopulation with colored seeds, a significant quantitative trait loci (QTL) associated with the emergence rate (ER3XC) and another with seedling vigor (SV6XC) were identified on the LG 3 and 6, respectively. QTL SV6XC was mapped in the region of the gene V, another gene involved the genetic control of color. QTLs associated with seed traits were mapped in the same relative position as regions involved in responses to P. ultimum suggesting the possible implication of avoidance mechanisms in the response to this pathogen.

Additional keywords: breeding program, genetic map, physiological resistance, screening.

© 2010 The American Phytopathological Society