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Haplotype Diversity at the Pi-ta Locus in Cultivated Rice and Its Wild Relatives

December 2008 , Volume 98 , Number  12
Pages  1,305 - 1,311

X. Wang, Y. Jia, Q. Y. Shu, and D. Wu

First author: IAEA Collaborating Center, State Key Laboratory of Rice Biology, Institute of Nuclear Agricultural Sciences, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, 310029 China; United States Department of Agriculture--Agricultural Research Service, Dale Bumpers National Rice Research Center (USDA-ARS DB NRRC), 2890 Hwy 130 E, and University of Arkansas Rice Research and Extension Center, Stuttgart, AR 72160; and second author: USDA-ARS DB NRRC, Stuttgart, AR; and third and fourth authors: IAEA Collaborating Center, Hangzhou, China.

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Accepted for publication 3 September 2008.

The Pi-ta gene in rice confers resistance to races of Magnaporthe oryzae that contain AVR-Pita. Pi-ta encodes a predicted cytoplasmic receptor protein with a nucleotide-binding site and a leucine-rich domain. A panel of 51 Oryza accessions of AA genome species Oryza sativa, O. glaberrima, O. rufipogon, O. nivara, and O. barthii, and CC genome species O. officinalis were sequenced to investigate the diversity present in the exon and intron regions of the Pi-ta gene. Two major clades were identified, consisting of 16 different sequences with numerous insertion and deletions. Only one Pi-ta resistance allele was identified despite DNA sequences revealing 16 Pi-ta variants. Most differences were identified in the intron region, and obvious selection of any motif was not observed in the coding region of Pi-ta variants. Reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction analysis of seedlings revealed that all Pi-ta variants were expressed with or without pathogen inoculation. The 15 Pi-ta variants can be translated into nine proteins highly similar to the Pi-ta protein. Resistance to M. oryzae expressing AVR-Pita correlates with alanine and susceptibility correlates with serine at position 918 of Pi-ta in most accessions examined. These data confirm that a single amino acid controlling resistance specificity underlies the evolution of resistance of Pi-ta genes in rice.

Additional keywords:blast resistance gene, Oryza spp.

The American Phytopathological Society, 2008