First author: Faculty of Life Sciences of Bar-Ilan University, Ramat-Gan 52900, Israel, and Plant Protection Institute, Hebei Academy of Agricultural and Forestry Sciences, Baoding 071000, China; second author: Inulex Ltd., Keramim, Mobile Post Negev, Israel; and third author: Faculty of Life Sciences of Bar-Ilan University, Ramat-Gan 52900, Israel
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Accepted for publication 24 May 2004.
Leaves of Inula viscosa were collected from the field, dried, and extracted with a mixture of acetone and n-hexane. The oily, water-insoluble pastes obtained after evaporation of the solvents were used for the control of foliar diseases in growth chambers. The pastes, either dissolved in acetone or emulsified in water, effectively controlled downy mildew of cucumber, late blight of potato or tomato, powdery mildew of wheat, and rust of sunflower. Mean effective dose (concentration) required for 90% inhibition of disease values for acetone solutions and water emulsions ranged from 0.68 to 1.02% and 0.65 to 1.00% (wt/vol), respectively. Dry matter content in fresh leaves, paste-extract yield in dry leaves, and disease control efficacy of paste extracts were similar in leaves of I. viscosa collected during May to October, suggesting that, for practical use, harvests can be conducted during most of the growing season. The results show that I. viscosa may be used as an herbal source for fungicidal preparations against foliar diseases caused by pathogens belonging to the families Oomycetes, Ascomycetes, and Basidiomycetes.
Blumeria graminis f. sp. tritici,
© 2004 The American Phytopathological Society