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Integrated Control of Grape Black Rot: Influence of Host Phenology, Inoculum Availability, Sanitation, and Spray Timing

June 2004 , Volume 94 , Number  6
Pages  641 - 650

Lisa Emele Hoffman , Wayne F. Wilcox , David M. Gadoury , Robert C. Seem , and Duane G. Riegel

Department of Plant Pathology, Cornell University, New York State Agricultural Experiment Station, Geneva 14456

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Accepted for publication 8 February 2004.

The epidemiology and control of black rot (Guignardia bidwellii) was studied from 1995 to 1999 in vineyards in Dresden and Naples, NY, where disease pressure was moderate and extreme, respectively. The efficacy of serial applications of myclobutanil, provided at 2-week intervals and varied with respect to their number and time of initiation, was examined within the context of host phenology, inoculum availability, and sanitation. At Dresden, sprays applied over 4 weeks through the immediate prebloom stage provided only 13 to 91% control of diseased clusters, despite the release of 95% of the season's ascosporic inoculum during the period of fungicidal protection. However, applications immediately prior to bloom plus 2 and 4 weeks later, which afforded protection while fruit are highly susceptible to infection, provided virtually complete control. At Naples, where mummified berries were retained in the canopy after mechanical pruning, this same regime provided only approximately 80% disease control, but applying a fourth spray 2 weeks prebloom generally improved control. Hand-pruning mummies to the ground in selected plots significantly (P ≤ 0.05) improved control in some spray regimes. Although this sanitation practice did not affect inoculum dynamics through bloom, very few spores were recovered thereafter from mummies collected from the ground, whereas abundant ascospores and conidia were recovered from mummies in the trellis for an additional 6 to 8 weeks.

© 2004 The American Phytopathological Society