Department of Plant Pathology, University of California Davis, Kearney Agricultural Center, 9240 South Riverbend Ave., Parlier 93648
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Accepted for publication 28 January 2002.
Eighty-six isolates of Botryosphaeria dothidea, the causal agent of Botryosphaeria panicle and shoot blight of pistachio, were collected from pistachio and other plant hosts in California. The isolates were characterized by microsatellite-primed polymerase chain reaction (MP-PCR), sequences of the nuclear ribosomal DNA internal transcribed spacer region (ITS1, 5.8S gene, and ITS2), morphological and cultural characters, osmotic and fungicide sensitivity, and pathogenicity on pistachio. Three groups of these isolates were identified based upon analysis of MP-PCR data and ITS sequences. Group I contained 43 pycnidiospore-derived isolates collected from pistachio and other hosts. Group II consisted of 20 ascosporic isolates obtained from a single sequoia plant. Group III consisted of 20 ascosporic isolates from three shoots on a single blackberry plant, two pycnidiospore-derived isolates from incense cedar, and one from pistachio. Group I predominated over the other two groups in California pistachio orchards. B. dothidea isolates of group III grew faster on acidified potato dextrose agar (APDA) than the isolates of groups I and II. Isolates of group III produced pycnidia on both APDA and autoclaved pistachio shoots, but the isolates of the other two groups produced pycnidia on only autoclaved pistachio shoots. Additionally, significant differences in osmotic and fungicide sensitivities were observed among these three groups. Results from lathhouse inoculations demonstrated that the representative isolates for each of the three groups were all capable of infecting pistachio and producing characteristic disease symptoms of Botryosphaeria blight. The virulence of group II isolates on pistachio was, however, significantly lower than that of group I isolates.
© 2002 The American Phytopathological Society