First and third authors: Unité de Pathologie Végétale et Epidémiologie, I.N.R.A., BP 01, 78850 Thiverval-Grignon, France; and second and fourth authors: Unité Mixte de Recherche Environnement et Grandes cultures, I.N.R.A.-I.N.A-P.G., BP 01, 78850 Thiverval-Grignon, France
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Accepted for publication 31 July 2002.
In a previous study under controlled conditions, a model was developed to predict the infection efficiency for the wheat leaf and stripe rust fungi based on temperature and dew period during the 24 h after inoculation. The two pathogens differed in their maximum infection efficiency under controlled conditions for temperature and dew period, the infection efficiency was 12 times greater for Puccinia triticina than for P. striiformis. In the present study, the model was validated by field results to predict P. triticina infection efficiency as a function of temperature and dew period only. However, this model failed to predict infection efficiency caused by P. striiformis in the field. The model was adapted to include the effects of light quantity on infection efficiency. Wheat seedlings, grown in climate-controlled rooms and exposed to various regimes of light duration and intensity for 24 h in either field or controlled conditions, were inoculated and incubated in climate-controlled rooms under optimal dew and temperature conditions. Quantity of natural or artificial light (light intensity × duration) received by the plants prior to inoculation enhanced infection efficiency of wheat seedlings inoculated by P. striiformis. Infection efficiency increased from 0.4 to 36% depending on the light quantity according to a Richards' function. For stripe rust, three environmental variables, preinoculation light quantity received by the plants, postinoculation temperature, and postinoculation dew period, were used for fitting a model for infection efficiency measured in the field.
leaf (brown) rust,
stripe (yellow) rust,
© 2002 The American Phytopathological Society