First, second, and fourth authors: Department of Plant Pathology and Microbiology, Texas A&M University, College Station 77843; and third author: Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Rural Public Health, Texas A&M University System Health Science Center, College Station 77802
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Accepted for publication 9 May 2002.
Two heptapeptides with broad antifungal activity were identified and assessed for their ability to act synergistically with thiabendazole. The hexapeptide 66--10 was the progenitor of the heptapeptides and exhibited minimal inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of 9.3 to 9.8 μg/ml for thiabendazole (TBZ) resistant Fusarium sambucinum strains (MIC of 186 to 312 μg/ml). Heptapeptide derivatives 77--3 and 77--12 exhibited MICs between 3.8 and 7.5 μg/ml against the same strains. Incubation of conidia or mycelia with the peptide 77--3 showed that treated fungal structures were stained by the membrane impermeant dye SYTOX Green indicating disruption of membranes. Conidia incubated with peptide 77--3 at 10 μg/ml showed a 91 ± 3.6% reduction in viability in 15 min. A checkerboard method was used to test the peptides and TBZ individually and in combination to determine potential synergistic activity. The results indicate that small peptides can act synergistically with TBZ against TBZ-resistant F. sambucinum.
© 2002 The American Phytopathological Society