Department of Plant Pathology and Crop Physiology, Louisiana Agricultural Experiment Station, Louisiana State University Agricultural Center, Baton Rouge 70803
Sixangle foldwing, Dicliptera sexangularis (Acanthaceae), showing severe yellow mottle and leaf distortion symptoms was collected from the shoreline of Calusa Island (Lee County, FL). The putative virus was transmitted from infected D. sexangularis to healthy seedlings by mechanical, whitefly (Bemisia tabaci biotype B), and graft-inoculations. Different forms of geminivirus-like DNAs were detected in total DNA extracted from infected plants by Southern blot hybridization analyses using DNA-A and -B of Bean golden mosaic virus (BGMV) from Guatemala as probes. Preliminary polymerase chain reaction experiments and sequence comparisons indicated that the virus was a distinct bipartite begomovirus. The virus was designated Dicliptera yellow mottle virus (DiYMV). Replicative dsDNAs of DiYMV were extracted, digested with selected restriction enzymes, and cloned into a plasmid vector. Both DNA-A and -B were sequenced and compared with those of other begomoviruses. Phylogenetic analyses using AV1, AC1, and BV1 nucleotide sequences indicated that DiYMV has a close relationship with the New World begomoviruses, especially those distributed in the nearby geographic areas of the Florida coast and the Caribbean Basin. However, different percent nucleotide sequence identities and phylogenetic relationships were detected when different open reading frames (ORFs) of DiYMV were compared with their counterparts from begomoviruses from the Caribbean Basin. Based on phylogenetic analyses of the AC1 and BV1 ORFs, DiYMV was closely related to BGMV type II isolates, whereas sequence comparisons of the common region and the AC4-derived amino acid sequences indicated its close relationship with Potato yellow mosaic virus from Venezuela.