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Genetic Diversity of Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae Strains from Sri Lanka

April 2000 , Volume 90 , Number  4
Pages  415 - 421

H. Ochiai , O. Horino , K. Miyajima , and H. Kaku

First and fourth authors: National Institute of Agrobiological Resources, Kannondai, Tsukuba 305-8602, Japan; second author: Kyoto Prefectural University, Shimogamo, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 606-8522, Japan; and third author: Hokkaido Central Agricultural Experiment Station, Naganuma-cho, Yubari-gun, Hokkaido 069-1301, Japan

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Accepted for publication 5 January 2000.

Sixty strains of Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae, collected from 29 locations in Sri Lanka in 1995, were analyzed by restriction fragment length polymorphism using either polymerase chain reaction-amplified 16S and 23S rDNA or the repetitive DNA element IS1112 from X. oryzae pv. oryzae as hybridization probes. Two different ribogroups were observed in the Sri Lankan strains using rDNA probes, whereas five clusters were identified by the IS1112 probe. Bootstrap analysis revealed that the five clusters defined by IS1112 were relatively robust. Our results suggest that the Sri Lankan strains are phylogenetically composed of five different groups. Each cluster was partially associated with climatic conditions (intermediate zone and wet zone) and was related to groups based on ribotyping. Based on virulence analysis using 12 rice cultivars, each containing a single resistance gene, 14 pathotypes were identified among the Sri Lankan strains. All strains were virulent to resistance genes Xa1, Xa2, Xa4, Xa10, Xa11, and Xa14. Only one strain (pathotype 1) was virulent to all major resistance genes including Xa21, while strains of the other pathotypes were all avirulent to Xa21. A partial relationship was found between the determined phylogenetic groups using the IS1112 probe and pathotypes for all but two clusters. The results of this study will facilitate the further understanding of the population structure of X. oryzae pv. oryzae in Sri Lanka.

Additional keywords: bacterial blight of rice, pathogen populations, phylogeny.

© 2000 The American Phytopathological Society