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Characterization of Ribosomal DNA from Venturia inaequalis and Its Phylogenetic Relationship to rDNA from Other Tree-Fruit Venturia Species

January 1999 , Volume 89 , Number  1
Pages  100 - 108

G. Schnabel , E. L. Schnabel , and A. L. Jones

Department of Botany and Plant Pathology and the Pesticide Research Center, Michigan State University, East Lansing 48824-1312

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Accepted for publication 12 October 1998.

A portion of the 18S ribosomal DNA (rDNA) gene, the internal transcribed spacers (ITS1 and ITS2), and the 5.8S rDNA gene were polymerase chain reaction-amplified from strains and field populations of Venturia inaequalis and assessed for genetic variation. A previously reported optional group I intron in the 18S rDNA gene of V. inaequalis was detected in 75.0% of 92 strains collected worldwide and in 61.1 and 71.2% of 54 and 59 strains from two Michigan orchards, respectively. Sequence and restriction analysis of rDNA revealed four intron alleles, three of which were present both in worldwide strains and in each field population. Two ITS1 alleles were detected and found to be linked to specific intron alleles. The ITS1-5.8S-ITS2 sequences from V. asperata V. carpophila, V. cerasi, V. inaequalis, V. nashicola, V. pyrina, and Cladosporium caryigenum were compared using phylogenetic analysis. Strains of the Venturia species were placed in three distinct monophyletic groups in a phylogenetic tree. The first group comprised V. inaequalis; the second, V. pyrina and V. nashicola; and the third, V. cerasi, V. carpophila, and V. asperata. The described intron and ITS1 alleles in V. inaequalis provide genetic markers for subdividing populations of V. inaequalis, and the ITS1-5.8S-ITS2 sequences are valuable in determining the relationship of the species from tree-fruit crops with other Venturia species.

Additional keywords: apple scab, Carya, coevolution, Malus, Prunus, Py-rus, Venturiaceae.

© 1999 The American Phytopathological Society