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Variability Among Turnip Mosaic Potyvirus Isolates

November 1998 , Volume 88 , Number  11
Pages  1,200 - 1,204

Livia Stavolone , Daniela Alioto , Antonio Ragozzino , and Jean-François Laliberté

First, second, and third authors: Istituto di Patologia vegetale, Universita degli studi di Napoli Federico II, 80055 Portici (NA) Italia; and fourth author: Centre de recherche en virologie, Institut Armand-Frappier, 531 Boulevard des Prairies, Ville de Laval, Québec Canada H7N 4Z3

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Accepted for publication 30 July 1998.

Eight turnip mosaic potyvirus (TuMV) isolates from the Campania region of Italy were characterized. Experiments based on host range and symptomatology indicated that the isolates were biologically different. In addition, the isolates, with the exception of ITA1 and ITA3, were distinguished from each other by using a combination of monoclonal antibodies recognizing the coat protein. Single-strand conformation polymorphism (SSCP) analysis of the coat protein gene revealed that each isolate produced a specific SSCP profile, except for isolates ITA1 and ITA3. This study indicates that (i) even in a small geographical region, there is a great deal of variation in TuMV isolates; (ii) the use of a set of four differential hosts does not always specify the same pathotype in different environments; (iii) the TuMV isolates with the same pathotype on Brassica napus test lines can still differ in host range, symptoms, serology, and SSCP; and (iv) there was perfect correlation between the panel of antibodies and SSCP in differentiating among the isolates; ITA1 and ITA3 were indistinguishable by either assay.

© 1998 The American Phytopathological Society