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Biological, Serological, and Molecular Variabilities of Clover Yellow Vein Virus

October 1997 , Volume 87 , Number  10
Pages  1,014 - 1,019

Takahide Sasaya , Tokurou Shimizu , Yuzo Nozu , Masamichi Nishiguchi , Narinobu Inouye , and Hiroki Koganezawa

First, second, and sixth authors: Shikoku National Agricultural Experiment Station, Zentsuji, Kagawa 765, Japan; third and fourth authors: National Institute of Agrobiological Resources, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305, Japan; and fifth author: Research Institute for Bioresources, Okayama University, Kurashiki, Okayama 710, Japan

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Accepted for publication 30 June 1997.

A comparative study was made on the host reactions, serological properties, and nucleotide sequences of the coat protein (CP) gene of 10 clover yellow vein virus (C1YVV) isolates and one bean yellow mosaic virus (BYMV) isolate collected from different host plant species and locations in Japan. Two strains of C1YVV isolates, grouped on the basis of host reactions on Chenopodium amaranticolor, C. quinoa, Nicotianaclevelandii, N. benthamiana, Vicia faba, and Trifolium repens, corresponded to two serotypes determined by double-antibody sandwich- and triple-antibody sandwich-enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay using three polyclonal and nine monoclonal antibodies. These results were also confirmed by nucleotide sequence analysis of the CP gene. The CP gene of C1YVV isolates of strain 1, including the Australian isolate C1YVV-B, had 93 to 98% nucleotide identities and 97 to 99.6% amino acid identities. The CP of C1YVV isolates of strain 2, including the New Zealand isolate C1YVV-NZ, had 92 to 98% nucleotide identities and 95 to 98% amino acid identities. The nucleotide identities and the amino acid identities between the two C1YVV strains were 82 to 84%, and 90 to 94%, respectively. When compared with the CP sequences of 12 C1YVV isolates, the CP sequence of the BYMV isolate had 71 to 73% nucleotide identity and 73 to 77% amino acid identity. Amino acid sequence differences among C1YVV isolates from strains 1 and 2 were located mostly at the N-terminal regions of the CP. Our results indicated that the C1YVV isolates studied could be separated into two strains on the basis of host reactions, serology, and the nucleotide sequence of the CP gene.

© 1997 The American Phytopathological Society