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Variation in Pathogenicity and Genetic Structure in the Eutypa lata Population of a Single Vineyard

August 1997 , Volume 87 , Number  8
Pages  799 - 806

J-P. Péros , G. Berger , and Florence Lahogue

Station de Recherches Viticoles, Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, BP13, 34751 Villeneuve-les-Maguelone Cedex, France, and UFR de Viticulture, ENSAM-INRA, 2, place Viala, 34060 Montpellier Cedex 01, France

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Accepted for publication 22 April 1997.

Fifty-five isolates of Eutypa lata were collected in 1994 from a single vineyard, each from a different vine that showed either shoot and foliar symptoms of Eutypa dieback or only abnormalities during the period of 1990 to 1994. These isolates showed a large variation in pathogenicity after inoculation on cuttings in the greenhouse. Variability also was observed for cultural traits and radial growth rate on potato dextrose agar (PDA) medium, but no relation was found between these characteristics and pathogenicity. The isolates were paired on PDA medium, and a barrage reaction was observed for all pairings, indicating the isolates were vegetatively incompatible. Thirty-two random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) markers were used to study the genetic relatedness of the isolates and the genetic structure of the population. Fifty-five different RAPD patterns were observed, confirming the genetic uniqueness of each isolate. Gametic disequilibrium values were calculated among all pairs of the 32 putative RAPD loci, and only one value was significant. Unweighted pair-group method with arithmetic averages analysis of distance data, as well as a heterogeneity statistic (Fst), did not indicate any population substructure. The results strongly suggest that isolates originated from a random-mating population and that the disease was propagated in this vineyard by ascospores produced from diverse outside sources. Southern hybridization performed for five markers indicated that the two-allele assumption made to interpret RAPD data may be violated for markers that are similar in size. However, the exclusion of such markers did not change the conclusions of the study.

Additional keywords: diversity, grapevine, RAPD markers, vegetative incompatibility.

© 1997 The American Phytopathological Society