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Transcriptional Changes in Response to Arbuscular Mycorrhiza Development in the Model Plant Medicago truncatula

April 2003 , Volume 16 , Number  4
Pages  306 - 314

Anne Wulf , 1 Katja Manthey , 2 Jasmin Doll , 1 Andreas M. Perlick , 2 Burkhard Linke , 3 Thomas Bekel , 3 Folker Meyer , 3 Philipp Franken , 4 Helge Küster , 2 and Franziska Krajinski 1

1Department of Molecular Genetics, University Hannover, Herrenhaeuser Str. 2, 30419 Hannover, Germany; 2Department of Genetics, University Bielefeld, 33594 Bielefeld; Germany; 3Center for Genome Research, University Bielefeld, 33594 Bielefeld; Germany; 4Institute for Vegetables and Ornamental Plants, Theodor-Echtermeyer-Weg, 14979 Grossbeeren, Germany

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Accepted 25 November 2002.

Significant changes in root morphology and physiology during arbuscular mycorrhiza (AM) development are likely to be controlled by specific gene expression pattern in the host plant. Until now, little was known about transcriptional changes which occur AM-exclusively; that is, they do not occur during other root-microbe associations, nor are they induced by improved phosphate nutrition. In order to identify such AM-exclusive gene inductions of Medicago truncatula, we used a pool of different RNA samples as subtractor population in a suppressive subtractive hybridization (SSH) experiment. This approach resulted in the identification of a number of new AM-regulated genes. None of these genes were expressed in nonmycorrhiza roots or leaves. Electronic data obtained by comparison of the cDNA sequences to expressed sequence tag (EST) sequences from a wide range of cDNA libraries in the M. truncatula EST database (Gene Index, MtGI) support the mycorrhiza specificity of the corresponding genes, because sequences in the MtGI that were found to match the identified SSH-cDNA sequences originated exclusively from AM cDNA libraries. The promoter of one of those genes, MtGst1, showing similarities to plant glutathione-S-transferase (GST) encoding genes, was cloned and used in reporter gene studies. In contrast to studies with the potato GST gene PRP, MtGst 1 promoter activity was detected in all zones of the root cortex colonized by Glomus intraradices, but nowhere else.

Additional keywords: quantitative real-time RT-PCR.

© 2003 The American Phytopathological Society