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LSD1 Regulates Salicylic Acid Induction of Copper Zinc Superoxide Dismutase in Arabidopsis thaliana

November 1999 , Volume 12 , Number  11
Pages  1,022 - 1,026

Daniel J. Kliebenstein , 1 Robert A. Dietrich , 2 Adam C. Martin , 1 Robert L. Last , 1 and Jeffery L. Dangl 2

1Section of Genetics and Development and Boyce Thompson Institute for Plant Research, Cornell University, Tower Rd., Ithaca, NY 14853, U.S.A.; 2Department of Biology, 108 Coker Hall CB#3280, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill 27599, U.S.A.

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Accepted 12 July 1999.

We characterized the accumulation patterns of Arabidopsis thaliana proteins, two CuZnSODs, FeSOD, MnSOD, PR1, PR5, and GST1, in response to various pathogen-associated treatments. These treatments included inoculation with virulent and avirulent Pseudomonas syringae strains, spontaneous lesion formation in the lsd1 mutant, and treatment with the salicylic acid (SA) analogs INA (2,6-dichloroisonicotinic acid) and BTH (benzothiadia-zole). The PR1, PR5, and GST1 proteins were inducible by all treatments tested, as expected from previous mRNA blot analysis. The two CuZnSOD proteins were induced by SA analogs and in conjunction with lsd1-mediated spreading cell death. Additionally, LSD1 is a part of a signaling pathway for the induction of the CuZnSOD proteins in response to SA but not in lsd1-mediated cell death. We suggest that the spreading lesion phenotype of lsd1 results from a lack of up-regulation of a CuZnSOD responsible for detoxification of accumulating superoxide before the reactive oxygen species can trigger a cell death cascade.

Additional keyword: phx21.

© 1999 The American Phytopathological Society