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A Novel 53-kDa Nodulin of the Symbiosome Membrane of Soybean Nodules, Controlled by Bradyrhizobium japonicum

March 1999 , Volume 12 , Number  3
Pages  218 - 226

Till Winzer , 1 Andrea Bairl , 1 Monica Linder , 2 Dietmar Linder , 2 Dietrich Werner , 1 and Peter Müller 1

1Fachbereich Biologie, Molekulare Zellbiologie und Angewandte Botanik, Philipps-Universität Marburg, Karl-von-Frisch-Straße, D-35032 Marburg, Germany; 2Fachbereich Humanmedizin, Institut für Biochemie, Justus-Liebig-Universität Gießen, Friedrichstraße 24, D-35392 Gießen, Germany

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Accepted 24 November 1998.

A nodule-specific 53-kDa protein (GmNOD53b) of the symbiosome membrane from soybean was isolated and its LysC digestion products were microsequenced. cDNA clones of this novel nodulin, obtained from cDNA library screening with an RT-PCR (reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction)-generated hybridization probe exhibited no homology to proteins identified so far. The expression of GmNOD53b coincides with the onset of nitrogen fixation. Therefore, it is a late nodulin. Among other changes, the GmNOD53b is significantly reduced in nodules infected with the Bradyrhizobium japonicum mutant 184 on the protein level as well as on the level of mRNA expression, compared with the wild-type infected nodules. The reduction of GmNOD53b mRNA is related to an inactivation of the sipF gene in B. japonicum 184, coding for a functionally active signal peptidase.

Additional keyword: bacteroids.

© 1999 The American Phytopathological Society