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The Isolation and Mapping of Disease Resistance Gene Analogs in Maize

October 1998 , Volume 11 , Number  10
Pages  968 - 978

N. C. Collins , 1 C. A. Webb , 2 S. Seah , 1 , 3 J. G. Ellis , 1 S. H. Hulbert , 2 and A. Pryor 1

1Division of Plant Industry, Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation, Canberra, ACT 2601, Australia; 2Department of Plant Pathology, Kansas State University, Manhattan 66506, U.S.A.; 3Plant Sciences, The University of Western Australia, Nedlands, WA 6907, Australia

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Accepted 24 June 1998.

Many of the plant disease resistance genes that have been isolated encode proteins with a putative nucleotide binding site and leucine-rich repeats (NBS-LRR resistance genes). Oligonucleotide primers based on conserved motifs in and around the NBS of known NBS-LRR resistance proteins were used to amplify sequences from maize genomic DNA by polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Eleven classes of non-cross-hybridizing sequences were obtained that had predicted products with high levels of amino acid identity to NBS-LRR resistance proteins. These maize resistance gene analogs (RGAs) and one RGA clone obtained previously from wheat were used as probes to map 20 restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) loci in maize. Some RFLPs were shown to map to genomic regions containing virus and fungus resistance genes. Perfect co-segregation was observed between RGA loci and the rust resistance loci rp1 and rp3. The RGA probe associated with rp1 also detected deletion events in several rp1 mutants. These data strongly suggest that some of the RGA clones may hybridize to resistance genes.

© 1998 The American Phytopathological Society