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​​Plant Virus Classification

Grade Level: Middle school (MS), grades 6–8. This lesson addresses the concepts and skills spelled out in A Framework for K–12 Science Education: Practices, Crosscutting Concepts, and Core Ideas (NRC, 2012). In particular, the activities of this lesson apply to the Crosscutting Concepts of Patterns and Scale and the Life Science Core Idea of Heredity: Inheritance and Variation of Traits (MS-LS3) and Biological Evolution: Unity and Diversity (MS-LS4).

Grimberg, B.I., M. Burrows, and F. Menalled. 2017. Plant Virus Classification. The Plant Health Instructor. DOI: 10.1094/PHI-K-2017-1129-01


Bruna Irene Grimberg
Mary Burrows
Fabian Menalled
Montana State University


This Lesson Activity was made possible with the support of
USDA-NIFA 2013-68004-20358 award.