Link to home

Strigolactone Deficiency Confers Resistance in Tomato Line SL-ORT1 to the Parasitic Weeds Phelipanche and Orobanche spp.

February 2011 , Volume 101 , Number  2
Pages  213 - 222

Evgenia Dor, Koichi Yoneyama, Smadar Wininger, Yoram Kapulnik, Kaori Yoneyama, Hinanit Koltai, Xiaonan Xie, and Joseph Hershenhorn

First and eighth authors: Institute of Plant Protection, Agricultural Research Organization (ARO), Newe Ya'ar Research Center, P.O. Box 1021, Ramat Yishay 30095, Israel; second, fifth, and seventh authors: Weed Science Center, Utsunomiya University, 350 Mine-machi, Utsunomiya 321-8505, Japan; and third, fourth, and sixth authors: Institute of Plant Sciences, ARO, the Volcani Center, P.O. Box 6, Bet Dagan 50250, Israel.

Go to article:
Accepted for publication 7 September 2010.

The parasitic flowering plants of the genera Orobanche and Phelipanche (broomrape species) are obligatory chlorophyll-lacking root-parasitic weeds that infect dicotyledonous plants and cause heavy economic losses in a wide variety of plant species in warm-temperate and subtropical regions. One of the most effective strategies for broomrape control is crop breeding for broomrape resistance. Previous efforts to find natural broomrape-resistant tomato (Solanum lycopersicon) genotypes were unsuccessful, and no broomrape resistance was found in any wild tomato species. Recently, however, the fast-neutron-mutagenized tomato mutant SL-ORT1 was found to be highly resistant to various Phelipanche and Orobanche spp. Nevertheless, SL-ORT1 plants were parasitized by Phelipanche aegyptiaca if grown in pots together with the susceptible tomato cv. M-82. In the present study, no toxic activity or inhibition of Phelipanche seed germination could be detected in the SL-ORT1 root extracts. SL-ORT1 roots did not induce Phelipanche seed germination in pots but they were parasitized, at the same level as M-82, after application of the synthetic germination stimulant GR24 to the rhizosphere. Whereas liquid chromatography coupled to tandem mass spectrometry analysis of root exudates of M-82 revealed the presence of the strigolactones orobanchol, solanacol, and didehydro-orobanchol isomer, these compounds were not found in the exudates of SL-ORT1. It can be concluded that SL-ORT1 resistance results from its inability to produce and secrete natural germination stimulants to the rhizosphere.

© 2011 The American Phytopathological Society