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The Natural Occurrence of Two Distinct Begomoviruses Associated with DNAβ and a Recombinant DNA in a Tomato Plant from Indonesia

May 2006 , Volume 96 , Number  5
Pages  517 - 525

Tatsuya Kon , Sri H. Hidayat , Shu Hase , Hideki Takahashi , and Masato Ikegami

First, third, fourth, and fifth authors: Department of Life Science, Graduate School of Agricultural Science, Tohoku University, 1-1 Tsutsumidori-Amamiyamachi, Aoba-ku, Sendai 981-8555, Japan; and second author: Department of Plant Pests and Diseases, Faculty of Agriculture, Bogor Agricultural University, Bogor 16680, Indonesia

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Accepted for publication 6 January 2006.

Two begomoviruses (Java virus-1 and Java virus-2), two satellite DNAs (DNAβ01 and DNAβ02), and a recombinant DNA (recDNA) were cloned from a single tomato plant from Indonesia with leaf curl symptoms, and the role of these satellite DNAs in the etiology of begomovirus disease was investigated. The genome organizations of the two viruses were similar to those of other Old World monopartite begomoviruses. Comparison of the sequences with other begomoviruses revealed that Java virus-1 was a newly described virus for which the name Tomato leaf curl Java virus (ToLCJAV) is proposed. Java virus-2 was a strain of Ageratum yellow vein virus (AYVV) (AYVV-[Java]). ToLCJAV or AYVV-[Java] alone did not induce leaf curl symptoms in tomato plants. However, in the presence of DNAβ02, both ToLCJAV and AYVV-[Java] induced leaf curl symptoms in tomato plants. In the presence of DNAβ01, these viruses induced mild leaf curl symptoms in tomato plants. The recDNA had a chimeric sequence, which arose from recombination among ToLCJAV, AYVV-[Java], DNAβ01, and DNAβ02; it was replicated only in the presence of AYVV-[Java] in tomato plants.

© 2006 The American Phytopathological Society