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NL-3 K Strain Is a Stable and Naturally Occurring Interspecific Recombinant Derived from Bean common mosaic necrosis virus and Bean common mosaic virus

September 2005 , Volume 95 , Number  9
Pages  1,037 - 1,042

Richard C. Larsen , Phillip N. Miklas , Keri L. Druffel , and Stephen D. Wyatt

First and second authors: U.S. Department of Agriculture-Agricultural Research Service, Vegetable and Forage Crop Research Unit, 24106 North Bunn Road, Prosser, WA 99350; third author: Washington State University, Pullman 99164; and fourth author: Washington State University (retired), 1505 Little Kitten, Manhattan, KS 66503

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Accepted for publication 19 April 2005.

A strain of Bean common mosaic necrosis virus (BCMNV) from Idaho was identified by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay using monoclonal antibodies and determined to be similar to the NL-3 D strain (of Drifjhout) by reaction of differential bean cultivars. However, this BCMNV strain (designated NL-3 K) caused earlier and more severe symptoms on bean plants representing host groups 0, 4, and 5. The nucleotide sequence encoding the predicted polyprotein of NL-3 K was 9,893 nucleotides (nt) in length, yielding a peptide with a molecular size of 362.1 kDa compared with a 9,626-nt, 350.9-kDa polyprotein for NL-3 D. Sequence analysis of the putative P1 protein suggests that the NL-3 K strain is a recombinant between NL-3 D and the Russian strain (RU1) of Bean common mosaic virus. The P1 protein of NL-3 K consisted of 415 amino acids compared with 317 for NL-3 D. The first 114 predicted amino acids of the NL-3 K P1 region were 98% identical with RU1. The remaining 301 amino acids of the protein shared only 34% identity with RU1 but were 98% identical with NL-3 D. Primers were designed that flanked the recombination point in the P1 coding sequence of NL-3 K. An amplicon of the expected size was produced by reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction of total nucleic acid extracts of bean plants inoculated with NL-3 K, but not from those with NL-3 D or RU1. The increased symptom severity on selected common bean lines induced by NL-3 K suggests that the P1 gene may play a significant role in pathogenicity and virulence.

Additional keywords: pathogenicity gene , Phaseolus vulgaris , Potyviridae , resistance genes .

The American Phytopathological Society, 2005