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Pathogenic and Genetic Relatedness Among Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. allii and Other Pathovars of X. axonopodis

August 2005 , Volume 95 , Number  8
Pages  918 - 925

David H. Gent , Abdulwahid Al-Saadi , Dean W. Gabriel , Frank J. Louws , Carol A. Ishimaru , and Howard F. Schwartz

First author: National Forage Seed Production Research Center, USDA-ARS, Department of Botany and Plant Pathology, Oregon State University, Corvallis 97330; second and third authors: Department of Plant Pathology, University of Florida, Gainesville 32611-0680; fourth author: Department of Plant Pathology, North Carolina State University, Raleigh 27695-7616; fifth author: Department of Plant Pathology, University of Minnesota, St. Paul 55108-6030; and sixth author: Department of Bioagricultural Sciences and Pest Management, Colorado State University, Fort Collins 80523-1177

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Accepted for publication 14 April 2005.

Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. allii is phenotypically and genetically diverse and its relationship to other X. axonopodis pathovars within DNA homology group 9.2 is unknown. In growth chamber experiments, disease symptoms were produced on onion only by inoculation with X. axonopodis pv. allii. Citrus bacterial spot symptoms were induced by X. axonopodis pvs. alfalfae, itrumelo, and allii on Duncan grapefruit and key lime. X. axonopodis pv. allii multiplication and persistence in Duncan grapefruit were equal to those of an aggressive strain of X. axonopodis pv. citrumelo, but populations of X. axonopodis pvs. alfalfae, betlicola, citrumelo, phaseoli, and vesicatoria were 1.3 to 4.0 log units less than X. axonopodis pv. allii in onion. Genomic fingerprinting by repetitive sequence- based polymerase chain reaction demonstrated that X. axonopodis pvs. allii, alfalfae, and citrumelo are distinct from other Xanthomonas species and X. axonopodis pathovars, but these pathovars were indistinguishable from each other. Three genotype groups were apparent among DNA homology group 9.2 strains, and generally correspond to the aggressiveness and genotype groups previously described for X. axonopodis pv. citrumelo. X. axonopodis pvs. allii, alfalfae, and citrumelo appear to have recently diverged from a common ancestral strain.

Additional keywords: Allium cepa , citrus canker , Citrus aurantifolia , C. paradisi , Xanthomonas campestris pv. allii , X. campestris pv. citri E.

© 2005 The American Phytopathological Society