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Histological Characterization of Resistance to Uromyces viciae-fabae in Faba Bean

March 2002 , Volume 92 , Number  3
Pages  294 - 299

J. C. Sillero and D. Rubiales

First author: CIFA, Dep. Mejora y Agronomía, Apdo. 3092, E-14080 Córdoba, Spain; and second author: Instituto de Agricultura Sostenible, CSIC. Apdo. 4084, E-14080 Córdoba, Spain

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Accepted for publication 31 October 2001.

Components of resistance to the faba bean rust (Uromyces viciae-fabae) were studied at the histological level in seedlings and adult plants of nine faba bean (Vicia faba) lines differing in their level of resistance. Resistance of these lines was previously shown to be characterized macroscopically by an increased latent period, a decreased colony size, and a relatively decreased infection frequency. In some lines, the resistance also was associated with macroscopically visible necrosis. Histological investigations revealed few differences in spore germination and appressorium formation. Significant levels of aborted stomatal penetration by the rust fungus were found on all resistant lines. However, differences among lines were more evident once the stomata were penetrated by the infection structures. Resistance was mainly due to a restriction of haustorium formation with varying levels of early abortion of the colonies, a reduction in the number of haustoria per colony, and smaller colony size. In addition, necrosis of the host cells associated with infection hyphae was detectable in some lines from the beginning of colony development. This microscopically visible necrosis became stronger from 4 days after inoculation, resulting in a reduced growth of the colony. Differences in resistance levels were more marked in adult plants than in seedlings.

Additional keywords: hypersensitive resistance, rust, Vicia faba.

© 2002 The American Phytopathological Society