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Biological and Molecular Characterization of Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. lycopersici Divides Race 1 Isolates into Separate Virulence Groups

February 1999 , Volume 89 , Number  2
Pages  156 - 160

Jurriaan J. Mes , Emma A. Weststeijn , Frits Herlaar , Joep J. M. Lambalk , Jelle Wijbrandi , Michel A. Haring , and Ben J. C. Cornelissen

First, second, sixth, and seventh authors: Section for Plant Pathology, Institute for Molecular Cell Biology, BioCentrum Amsterdam, Kruislaan 318, 1098 SM Amsterdam, the Netherlands; third and fourth authors: ENZA ZADEN, P.O. Box 7, 1600 AA Enkhuizen, the Netherlands; and fifth author: Keygene N.V., Agro Business Park 90, P.O. Box 216, 6700 AE Wageningen, the Netherlands

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Accepted for publication 29 October 1998.

A collection of race 1 and race 2 isolates of Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. lycopersici was screened for vegetative compatibility and characterized by random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) analysis to establish the identity and genetic diversity of the isolates. Comparison of RAPD profiles revealed two main groups that coincide with vegetative compatibility groups (VCGs). In addition, several single-member VCGs were identified that could not be grouped in one of the two main RAPD clusters. This suggests that F. oxysporum f. sp. lycopersici is a polyphyletic taxon. To assign avirulence genotypes to race 1 isolates, they were tested for their virulence on a small set of tomato lines (Lycopersicon esculentum), including line OT364. This line was selected because it shows resistance to race 2 isolates but, unlike most other race 2-resistant lines, susceptibility to race 1 isolates. To exclude the influence of other components than those related to the race-specific resistance response, we tested the virulence of race 1 isolates on a susceptible tomato that has become race 2 resistant by introduction of an I-2 transgene. The results show that both line OT364 and the transgenic line were significantly affected by four race 1 isolates, but not by seven other race 1 isolates nor by any race 2 isolates. This allowed a subdivision of race 1 isolates based on the presence or absence of an avirulence gene corresponding to the I-2 resistance gene. The data presented here support a gene-for-gene relationship for the interaction between F. oxysporum f. sp. lycopersici and its host tomato.

© 1999 The American Phytopathological Society