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Host Specificity of Phytophthora infestans on Tomato and Potato in Ecuador

March 1998 , Volume 88 , Number  3
Pages  265 - 271

P. J. Oyarzun , A. Pozo , M. E. Ordoñez , K. Doucett , and G. A. Forbes

First, second, third, and fifth authors: International Potato Center (CIP), P. O. Box 17-21-1977, Quito, Ecuador; and fourth author: Department of Plant Pathology, 334 Plant Science, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853

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Accepted for publication 8 December 1997.

Sixty Ecuadorian isolates of Phytophthora infestans from potato and 60 isolates from tomato were compared for dilocus allozyme genotype, mitochondrial DNA haplotype, mating type, and specific virulence on 11 potato R-gene differential plants and four tomato cultivars, two of which contained different Ph genes. Restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) fingerprints of subsamples of isolates from each host were compared by using RG57 as the probe. All potato isolates had the allozyme genotype, haplotype, and mating type of the clonal lineage EC-1, which had been previously described in Ecuador. With the same markers, only one isolate from tomato was classified as EC-1; all others belonged to the globally distributed US-1 clonal lineage. RFLP fingerprints of isolate subsets corroborated this clonal lineage classification. Specific virulence on potato differentials was broadest among potato isolates, while specific virulence on tomato cultivars was broadest among tomato isolates. Some tomato isolates infected all tomato differentials but no potato differentials, indicating that specific virulence for the two hosts is probably controlled by different avirulence genes in P. infestans. In two separate experiments, the diameters of lesions caused by nine isolates from potato and 10 from tomato were compared on three tomato and three potato cultivars. All isolates produced larger lesions on the host from which they were isolated. No isolates were found that were highly aggressive on both tomato and potato. We conclude that there are two different populations of P. infestans in Ecuador and that they are separated by host.

© 1998 The American Phytopathological Society