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Superoxide Generation in Extracts from Isolated Plant Cell Walls Is Regulated by Fungal Signal Molecules

August 1997 , Volume 87 , Number  8
Pages  846 - 852

Akinori Kiba , Chizu Miyake , Kazuhiro Toyoda , Yuki Ichinose , Tetsuji Yamada , and Tomonori Shiraishi

Laboratory of Plant Pathology and Genetic Engineering, College of Agriculture, Okayama University, Okayama, 700 Japan

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Accepted for publication 24 April 1997.

Fractions solubilized with NaCl from cell walls of pea and cowpea plants catalyzed the formation of blue formazan from nitroblue tetrazolium. Because superoxide dismutase decreased formazan production by over 90%, superoxide anion (O2¯) may participate in the formation of formazan in the solubilized cell wall fractions. The formazan formation in the fractions solubilized from pea and cowpea cell walls was markedly reduced by exclusion of NAD(P)H, manganese ion, or p-coumaric acid from the reaction mixture. The formazan formation was severely inhibited by salicylhydroxamic acid and catalase, but not by imidazole, pyridine, quinacrine, and diphenyleneiodonium. An elicitor preparation from the pea pathogen Mycosphaerella pinodes enhanced the activities of formazan formation nonspecifically in both pea and cowpea fractions. The suppressor preparation from M. pinodes inhibited the activity in the pea fraction in the presence or absence of the elicitor. In the cowpea fraction, however, the suppressor did not inhibit the elicitor-enhanced activity, and the suppressor alone stimulated formazan formation. These results indicated that O2¯ generation in the fractions solubilized from pea and cowpea cell walls seems to be catalyzed by cell wall-bound peroxidase(s) and that the plant cell walls alone are able to respond to the elicitor non-specifically and to the suppressor in a species-specific manner, suggesting the plant cell walls may play an important role in determination of plant-fungal pathogen specificity.

Additional keywords: Pisum sativum, species specificity, Vigna sinensis.

© 1997 The American Phytopathological Society