Department of Plant Pathology, Throckmorton Hall, Kansas State University, Manhattan 66506, U.S.A.
Induction of peroxidase has been correlated with resistant interactions between rice and Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae. To assist in analysis of the role of rice peroxidases in plant defense against the bacterial pathogen, three peroxidase genes, POX22.3, POX8.1, and POX5.1, were identified from a rice cDNA library that was constructed from leaves of plants undergoing a resistant reaction. These genes were highly similar in nucleic acid and amino acid sequences and belonged to a gene family. The three genes showed differential expression in infiltrated rice leaves during pathogen interactions and mechanical stress. Only two peroxidase genes, POX8.1 and POX22.3, were predominantly expressed during resistant interactions. These two genes also were expressed during susceptible interactions, but induction was delayed compared with resistant interactions. POXgX9, a fourth peroxidase gene that was isolated from a genomic library, is adjacent to POX22.3 in the rice genome and has greater than 90% similarity in nucleotide and amino acid sequence identity to POX22.3. Interestingly, POXgX9 was expressed only in the roots of rice plants. While POX22.3 was expressed in both leaves and roots, POX8.1 and POX5.1 were not detected in roots but were induced in leaves by mechanical wounding at different times after treatment. POX22.3, POX8.1, and POX5.1 were estimated to be present in single copies in rice haploid genome. These results indicate that different members of the rice peroxidase gene family are distinctly regulated in response to various environmental cues.