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The International Plant Protection Convention and its common ground with plant pathologists to contribute to plant health and wildlife, in the world

Clemente García-Avila: SENASICA-DGSV

<div>The International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC) is a 65 years old international treaty among 183 contracting parties, whose mandate is the global adoption of phytosanitary principles and measures, aimed to protect the plant resources of the world, both agricultural and natural. The IPPC it is recognized by the World Trade Organization as one of the three standard setting organizations. The development of international standards of phytosanitary measures (ISPMs) includes, thus far, 94 standards; including 41 ISPMs, 22 Diagnostic Protocols and 31 Phytosanitary Treatments.</p> <p>In order to achieve effectiveness, it balances legal and scientific criteria. So that, regular interaction with scientists, individually and organizations, becomes an invaluable mechanism, that needs to be regular and robust in the long haul. Examples of this interaction include, in the past, <em>Phytophthora infestans, Erwinia amylovora, Clavibacter michiganensis and Mycosphaerella fijiensis</em>. Presently, <em>Xylella fastidiosa</em>, citrus greening and FOCR4T, in some countries. In the future, it is forseen the need to interact around themes like virus diseases, <em>Xylella fastidiosa</em> subsp. multiplex, UG99 rust and <em>Phytophthora ramorum</em>. The governing body of the IPPC, the Comission for Phytosanitary Measures has launched, supported by FAO, an initiative for the year 2020 to be recognized by the UN, as the is International Year of Plant Health.</div>

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