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Exploring genebank for identification of biotic–abiotic combined tolerance in wild Phaseolus

Gloria Mosquera Cifuentes: CIAT

<div>Climate change is an important factor that is impacting production and distribution of beans, affecting directly plant development and indirectly by influencing changes in disease patterns. By 2020, an increase in precipitation would be expected in many African countries, and under these conditions root rot diseases will be favored. In order to address these limitations, it is necessary to find new genetic variants that could be used by breeding programs to develop better varieties resilient to climate change. Wild bean relatives are a useful resource that must be explored more extensively, since they harbor genes important for bean adaptation to diverse environments, and can be used to improve cultivated beans with superior performance against abiotic and biotic stress. More than 150 accessions from including <em>Phaseolus vulgaris</em>, <em>Phaseolus coccineus</em>, <em>Phaseolus dumosus</em>, <em>Phaseolus costaricensis</em> and <em>Phaseolus albescens</em> were phenotyped under greenhouse conditions for waterlogging tolerance and <em>Pythium</em> <em>myriotylum</em> resistance.</p> <p>Some accessions from <em>P. vulgaris</em>, <em>P. coccineus</em>, and <em>P. dumosus</em> showed to be tolerant to waterlogging and resistant to <em>P. myriotylum</em> at seedling stage. In total 6 accessions were crossed with SMR138 and BFS142, two bean breeding lines with superior quality as acceptable grain type, high yield, high iron content, low fertility tolerance. Populations are being advanced in order to transfer the resistant into elite lines to obtain bean lines tolerant to waterlogging and <em>P. myriotylum</em> resistance.</p> <p>Our research demonstrates the relevance of exploring gene banks as source of agronomic traits for breeding programs, being crop wild relatives an interesting resource waiting to be characterized and used to develop better varieties able to endure environmental constraints associated to climate change.</div>

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