C. F. Hong,
H. Y. Hsieh, and
C. T. Chen, Fengshan Tropical Horticultural Experiment Branch, Taiwan Agricultural Research Institute, Fengshan 83052, Kaohsiung, Taiwan; and
H. C. Huang, Emeritus Principal Research Scientist, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Lethbridge, Alberta, Canada
Guava wilt, caused by Nalanthamala psidii, has become an important disease of guava (Psidium guajava) in Taiwan since the 1970s. This study was conducted to develop a semiselective medium for detecting N. psidii in soil and in tissues of diseased guava trees. Among 9 carbon and 21 nitrogen compounds tested in a modified Czapek-Dox medium, the most effective carbon and nitrogen sources for mycelial growth of N. psidii were sucrose and glycine, respectively. Among eight fungicides tested, iprodione at 5 μg ml–1 and azoxystrobin at 1 μg ml–1 were the most effective fungicides for detection of N. psidii in artificially infested soil or in naturally infected guava debris. Based on the requirement for carbon and nitrogen sources and response to fungicides, a semiselective medium designated as modified sucrose-glycine semiselective medium (mSGSSM) was developed for isolation of N. psidii, using the modified Czapek-Dox medium containing 3% sucrose, 0.3% glycine, iprodione at 5 μg ml–1, azoxystrobin at 1 μg ml–1, streptomycin at 200 μg ml–1, and neomycin at 200 μg ml–1. Colonies of N. psidii on mSGSSM at 30°C for 5 to 10 days were white to orange with sparse aerial hyphae. N. psidii was detected more accurately and efficiently on mSGSSM than on other media, including potato dextrose agar, modified Nash-Snyder medium, and modified Czapek-Dox medium. This semiselective medium is effective in detection of N. psidii from various parts of diseased guava trees and in soil; therefore, it would be a useful medium for etiological, ecological, and epidemiological studies of guava wilt.