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Southern rice black-streaked dwarf virus Alters Insect Vectors' Host Orientation Preferences to Enhance Spread and Increase Rice ragged stunt virus Co-Infection

February 2014 , Volume 104 , Number  2
Pages  196 - 201

Han Wang, Donglin Xu, Lingling Pu, and Guohui Zhou

Guangdong Province Key Laboratory of Microbial Signals and Disease Control, College of Natural Resources and Environment, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510642, China.

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Accepted for publication 3 September 2013.

In recent years, Southern rice black-streaked dwarf virus (SRBSDV), a tentative species in the genus Fijivirus (family Reoviridae), has spread rapidly and caused serious rice losses in eastern and southeastern Asia. With this virus spread, Rice ragged stunt virus (RRSV, genus Oryzavirus, family Reoviridae) became more common in southern China, usually in co-infection with the former. SRBSDV and RRSV are transmitted by two different species of planthoppers, white-backed planthopper (WBPH, Sogatella furcifera) and brown planthopper (BPH, Nilaparvata lugens), respectively, in a persistent, circulative, propagative manner. In this study, using a Y-shape olfactometer-based device, we tested the host preference of three types of macropterous WBPH adults for healthy or SRBSDV-infected rice plants. The results showed that virus-free WBPHs significantly preferred infected rice plants to healthy plants, whereas both the viruliferous and nonviruliferous WBPHs preferred healthy plants to infected plants. In additional tests, we found that the BPHs significantly preferred healthy plants when they were virus free, whereas RRSV-carrying BPHs preferred SRBSDV-infected rice plants. From these findings, we propose that plant viruses may alter host selection preference of vectors to enhance their spread and that of insects vectoring another virus to result in co-infection with more than one virus.

Additional keywords:virus–plant–vector interaction.

© 2014 The American Phytopathological Society