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Identification and Origin of Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris Races and Related Pathovars

May 2001 , Volume 91 , Number  5
Pages  492 - 499

J. G. Vicente , J. Conway , S. J. Roberts , and J. D. Taylor

Horticulture Research International, Wellesbourne, Warwick CV35 9EF, U.K.

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Accepted for publication 19 January 2001.

One hundred sixty-four isolates of Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris and other X. campestris pathovars known to infect cruciferous hosts (X. campestris pvs. aberrans, raphani, armoraciae, and incanae) were inoculated onto a differential series of Brassica spp. to determine both pathogenicity to brassicas and race. Of these, 144 isolates were identified as X. campestris pv. campestris and grouped into six races, with races 1 (62%) and 4 (32%) being predominant. Other races were rare. The remaining 20 isolates from brassicas and other cruciferous hosts were either nonpathogenic or very weakly pathogenic on the differential series and could not be race-typed. Five of these isolates, from the ornamental crucifers wallflower (Cheiranthus cheiri), stock (Matthiola incana) and candytuft (Iberis sp.), showed clear evidence of pathovar-like specificity to the hosts of origin. A gene-for-gene model based on the interaction of four avirulence genes in X. campestris pv. campestris races and four matching resistance genes in the differential hosts is proposed. Knowledge of the race structure and worldwide distribution of races is fundamental to the search for sources of resistance and for the establishment of successful resistance breeding programs.

Additional keywords: black rot of crucifers , disease resistance , pathogen variants .

© 2001 The American Phytopathological Society