Bindu Poudel, Department of Plant Pathology, Division of Agriculture, University of Arkansas System, Fayetteville 72701;
William M. Wintermantel and
Arturo A. Cortez, United States Department of Agriculture–Agricultural Research Service, Salinas, CA 93905; and
Archana Khadgi, and
Ioannis E. Tzanetakis, Department of Plant Pathology, Division of Agriculture, University of Arkansas System
Blackberry yellow vein disease is one of the most important diseases of blackberry in the United States. Several viruses are found associated with the symptomology but Blackberry yellow vein associated virus (BYVaV) appears to be the most prevalent of all, leading to the need for a better understanding of its epidemiology. Efficient detection protocols were developed using end-point and quantitative reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction. A multi-state survey was performed on wild and cultivated blackberry to assess the geographical distribution of the virus. Two whitefly species, Trialeurodes abutilonea and T. vaporariorum, were identified as vectors and 25 plant species were tested as potential BYVaV hosts. The information obtained in this study can be used at multiple levels to better understand and control blackberry yellow vein disease.