D. L. Seifers, Professor and
T. J. Martin, Professor, Kansas State University Agricultural Research Center-Hays, Hays 67601; and
S. Haber, Cereal Research Centre, Agriculture & Agri-Food Canada, Winnipeg, MB Canada
Temperature-sensitive resistance (TSR) that can protect against losses to Wheat streak mosaic virus (WSMV) has been described in elite wheat germplasm. A TSR identified in the advanced breeding line CO960333 and its derivative KS06HW79 was examined in growth-chamber tests conducted under constant temperature regimes of 18, 21, and 24°C against an array of WSMV isolates. At 18°C, all tested isolates systemically infected the pedigree parents, while the progeny line CO960333 remained free of symptoms; at 24°C, all lines were susceptible. At the intermediate temperature of 21°C, the TSR of KS06HW79 was effective in contrast to the TSRs of KS03HW12 and ‘RonL’. In field trials conducted in 2011 and 2012, the TSR expressed in KS06HW79 conferred complete protection against yield losses from inoculation with the Sidney 81 isolate of WSMV, while the TSR of RonL conferred similar protection in 2012 but allowed small losses in 2011. The resistance expressed by KS06HW79 is likely not due to the Wsm1 gene because it did not contain the tightly linked J15 sequence-characterized amplified region (SCAR) DNA marker. These findings suggest that KS06HW79 could be an additional TSR source of value to wheat-breeding programs seeking to control losses from WSMV.