Giancarlo Polizzi, and
Alessandro Vitale, Dipartimento di Gestione dei Sistemi Agroalimentari e Ambientali–sez. Patologia vegetale, University of Catania, 95123 Catania, Italy
The efficacy of 11 fungicides was evaluated for the control of Calonectria infections on bottlebrush (Callistemon “Masotti”) and feijoa (Acca sellowiana), with special emphasis on Calonectria pauciramosa and C. morganii, which are the most destructive species in Italian ornamental nurseries. Three nursery experiments were performed with the selected fungicides in order to determine their ability to prevent leaf spot caused by C. morganii on bottlebrush and leaf spot and crown and root rot caused by C. pauciramosa on bottlebrush and feijoa. All fungicides were effective in reducing disease infections, except for cyproconazole, propamocarb + fosetyl-Al, and K phosphite that were the least effective in reducing C. morganii leaf spot. In contrast, K phosphite proved more effective in reducing crown and root rot caused by C. pauciramosa. Fungicides were also evaluated in growth-cabinet experiments for their ability to reduce incidence and severity of leaf spot on bottlebrush caused by the exotic pathogens C. pseudomexicana, C. tunisiana, C. polizzii, and C. mexicana. Copper hydroxide, fosetyl-Al, prochloraz, prochloraz + cyproconazole, and tebuconazole were always effective in reducing Calonectria leaf spot on bottlebrush. However, some differences in levels of control might be attributable to Calonectria isolate. Overall, this study clearly indicates that new fungicides can be employed for chemical management of Calonectria infections in ornamental nurseries.