Dallas L. Seifers, Professor, Kansas State University, Agricultural Research Center-Hays 67601;
Steve Haber, Cereal Research Centre, Agriculture & Agri-Food Canada, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada; and
T. J. Martin, Professor, and
Guorong Zhang, Assistant Professor, Kansas State University, Agricultural Research Center-Hays
Expressing temperature-sensitive resistance (TSR) protects wheat against yield losses from infection with Wheat streak mosaic virus (WSMV). In examining how 2,429 wheat accessions from the National Small Grains Collection responded to inoculation with the Sid81 isolate of WSMV, 20 candidate TSR sources were discovered. To differentiate their relative effectiveness, accession responses over 21 days to inoculation with GH95, Sid81, and PV57 virus isolates in regimes of 18 and 20°C were observed. At 18°C, all 20 candidate TSR sources were uniformly or nearly uniformly asymptomatic 21 days after inoculation with the PV57 isolate, resistance indistinguishable from resistant checks KS96HW10-3 and RonL. By contrast, the Sid81 isolate induced symptoms in low but significant proportions of plants of two candidates, and the GH95 isolate in high proportions for four candidates and low but significant proportions for two others. In the more stringent 20°C regime, the uniform or near-uniform induction of symptoms in response to inoculation with GH95 failed to differentiate among the 20 candidate TSR sources and two resistant checks, while PV57 and Sid81 identified several candidates that performed similarly to KS96HW10-3 and significantly better than RonL. By identifying new sources of resistance, this study contributes to the control of WSMV.