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Short Exposure to High CO2 and O2 at Curing Temperature to Control Postharvest Diseases of Citrus Fruit

March 2012 , Volume 96 , Number  3
Pages  423 - 430

Clara Montesinos-Herrero, Miguel Ángel del Río, Cristina Rojas-Argudo, and Lluís Palou, Laboratori de Patologia, Centre de Tecnologia Postcollita, Institut Valencià d'Investigacions Agràries (IVIA), Montcada, València, Spain

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Accepted for publication 22 November 2011.

Curing of citrus fruit at 30 to 37°C and 90 to 98% relative humidity for 65 to 72 h is an effective alternative to fungicides to control postharvest green and blue molds caused by Penicillium digitatum and P. italicum, respectively. However, commercial adoption is limited because treatment is long and it may harm fruit quality. In order to improve the feasibility of curing, short CO2 or O2 exposures at curing temperature were evaluated on ‘Nadorcott’, ‘Clemenules’, and ‘Ortanique’ mandarin fruit and ‘Valencia’ orange. Fruit were artificially inoculated, exposed 24 h later to air (control); CO2 at 15, 30, 50, or 95 kPa; or O2 at 30 or 45 kPa at 20 or 33°C for 8, 24, or 48 h and incubated at 20°C for 4, 7, or 15 days. Exposure at 33°C with CO2 at 15 kPa for 24 h or O2 at 30 kPa for 48 h effectively controlled both green and blue molds after 7 days of incubation at 20°C; however, control of both diseases was minimal after 15 days. To assess potential induction of disease resistance, fruit were treated as described above, then inoculated after 1, 2, or 5 days at 20°C and evaluated after 3 and 6 more days at 20°C. All of the treatments were ineffective in inducing fruit resistance. Short exposures of citrus fruit to high CO2 or O2 at curing temperatures may be part of a control program alternative to synthetic fungicides, especially for organic fruit markets.

© 2012 The American Phytopathological Society