Link to home

A Fluidizing Column for Extracting Cysts of Heterodera avenae from Soil

June 2012 , Volume 96 , Number  6
Pages  820 - 826

R. W. Smiley, Oregon State University, Columbia Basin Agricultural Research Center, Pendleton 97801

Go to article:
Accepted for publication 21 December 2011.

The cereal cyst nematode Heterodera avenae can be extracted from soil using several different floatation or elutriation methods. Automated methods are prohibitively expensive for use in small labs and, for optimal efficiency, floatation methods require that the soil be air dried for an extended period. A method which suspends soil particles in a water column above a fluidizing plate was reported as being most efficient with wet and dry soils. Use of the fluidizing column for extracting H. avenae has not been reported in the United States and materials to construct the column using contemporary components have not been described. Objectives of this research were to construct a column with components available in the United States, and to compare numbers of cysts and eggs plus juveniles (from cysts) extracted by the column and three other floatation methods: Fenwick can, flask, and Cobb sieving. From a soil containing recently produced (more dense) cysts, the column extracted at least 18% more cysts and 23% more eggs plus juveniles than the Fenwick and flask methods. The fluidizing column was found to be useful for small laboratories because it is inexpensive ($253 for two columns), easily and quickly constructed by nonprofessional labor, and produces adequately repeatable results.

© 2012 The American Phytopathological Society