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Use of Poultry Manure Combined with Soil Solarization as a Control Method for Meloidogyne incognita in Carnation

July 2012 , Volume 96 , Number  7
Pages  990 - 996

J. M. Melero-Vara and C. J. López-Herrera, Instituto de Agricultura Sostenible, CSIC, Apdo. 4084, 14080 Córdoba, Spain; M. J. Basallote-Ureba, Instituto de Investigación y Formación Agraria y Pesquera (IFAPA) Las Torres-Tomejil, Apdo. 41200, Alcalá del Río (Sevilla), Spain; A. M. Prados, IFAPA Alameda del Obispo. Apdo. 3092, Córdoba, Spain; M. D. Vela and F. J. Macias, IFAPA Chipiona, Apdo. 51, Chipiona, Cádiz, Spain; and E. Flor-Peregrín and M. Talavera, IFAPA Camino de Purchil, Apdo.2027, Granada, Spain

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Accepted for publication 26 January 2012.

The effectiveness of a combination of soil solarization and poultry manure (raw or pelletized) amendments for the control of root-knot nematode (Meloidogyne incognita) was tested in carnation (Dianthus caryophyllus) crops grown in in-ground beds under plastic-covered greenhouse conditions in southern Spain. Our trials demonstrated that soil solarization alone did not provide sufficient control of root-knot nematode, because the carnation growing season in this region only partly coincides with the most effective period for solarization, resulting in an insufficient duration of treatment during a key period for effectiveness. Chemical fumigation with 1,3-dichloropropene + chloropicrin prior to planting was effective in reducing nematode population densities in soil. Its effects spanned 9 months after planting, resulting in acceptable crop yields. In comparison, the combination of soil solarization and raw or pelletized poultry manure was slightly less effective than chemical fumigation for control of this pathogen but crop yields after 9 months were similar. However, the higher root gall indices observed after 9 months, in comparison with chemically fumigated plots, indicated the need for a reapplication of the organic manure treatment at the start of each successive growing season.

© 2012 The American Phytopathological Society