Hossain Massumi, Department of Environmental Science, International Center for Sciences High Technology and Environmental Science, Kerman, Iran, and Department of Plant Pathology, College of Agriculture, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, P.O. Box 76169-133, Kerman, Iran;
Akbar Hosseini Pour, and
Jahangir Heydarnejad, Department of Plant Pathology, College of Agriculture, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, P.O. Box 76169-133, Kerman, Iran; and
Heshmetollah Rahimian, Department of Plant Pathology, College of Agriculture, Mazandaran University, Sari, Mazandaran, Iran
A survey was conducted to determine the incidence of Cucumber mosaic virus (CMV), Beet curly top virus (BCTV), Tomato yellow leaf curl virus (TYLCV), Tomato chlorotic spot virus (TcSV), Potato virus Y (PVY), Potato virus S (PVS), Tomato spotted wilt virus (TSWV), Tomato ringspot virus (TRSV), Tomato aspermy virus (TAV), Arabis mosaic virus (ArMV), Tobacco streak virus (TSV), Tomato bushy stunt virus (TBSV), Tobacco mosaic virus (TMV), and Tomato mosaic virus (ToMV) on tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) in the major horticultural crop growing areas in the southeast and central regions of Iran. A total of 1,307 symptomatic leaf samples from fields and 603 samples from greenhouses were collected from January 2003 to July 2005 in five southeastern and central provinces of Iran. Samples of symptomatic plants were analyzed for virus infection by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) using specific polyclonal antibodies. ArMV and CMV were the most frequently found viruses, accounting for 25.6 and 23.4%, respectively, of the collected samples. BCTV, TSWV, TMV, PVY, ToMV, and TYLCV were detected in 6.1, 5.8, 5.6, 5, 4.8, and 1.6% of the samples, respectively. TBSV, TAV, TSV, PVS, and TRSV were not detected in any of the samples tested. Double and triple infections involving different combination of viruses were found in 13.9 and 1.7% of samples, respectively. This is the first report of PVY and ArMV as viruses naturally infecting tomato in Iran. Infection of tomato plants with PVY and ArMV was confirmed. Six out of 20 plant species belonging to six genera, growing in tomato fields or in the nearby areas, were found infected with TSWV, TMV, PVY, and CMV.