Link to home

First Report of Orange Rust of Sugarcane Caused by Puccinia kuehnii in Mexico, El Salvador, and Panama

December 2009 , Volume 93 , Number  12
Pages  1,347.2 - 1,347.2

R. C. Flores, J. R. Loyo, R. A. Ojeda, and O. C. A. Rangel, Cámara Nacional de las Industrias Azucarera y Alcoholera, Río Niágara No. 11, Mexico, D.F.; F. A. Cerón, and W. Márquez, Central Izalco, Grupo CASSA, Sonsonate, El Salvador; A. S. Guerra-Moreno, H. M. Hernandez-Ibarra, and R. E. González, Biotechnology Laboratory, Compañía Azucarera La Estrella, S. A., Panama; L. A. Castlebury, and L. J. Dixon, Systematic Mycology and Microbiology Laboratory, ARS, USDA, Beltsville, MD; N. C. Glynn and J. C. Comstock, Sugarcane Field Station, ARS, USDA, Canal Point, FL; J. Flynn, Kleentek, Houma, LA; and J. Amador, Texas AgriLife Research, 100 Cardinal Ave., McAllen

Go to article:
Accepted for publication 3 September 2009.

Symptoms of sugarcane orange rust were observed on July 17, 2008 on sugarcane cvs. Mex 57-1285, Mex 61-230, and Co 301 (a clone received in Mexico in 1953) at the Centro de Investigación y Desarrollo de la Caña de Azúcar en Tuxtla Chico, Chiapas, Mexico. In El Salvador, from August 2008 through January 2009, rust symptoms were observed on cv. CP 72-2086 (previously resistant to brown rust caused by Puccinia melanocephala Syd. & P. Syd.) in 117 dispersed sugarcane-production fields in various localities of El Salvador. Likewise, rust symptoms were first observed on sugarcane cv. SP 74-8355 (more than 25% severity and considered resistant to brown rust) at Natá, Coclé Province in Panama from January to February 2008. Dried herbarium leaf samples of sugarcane rust-infected leaves collected in El Salvador and Mexico were sent to the ARS, USDA Systematic Mycology and Microbiology Laboratory in Beltsville MD for identification. Panamanian samples were collected similarly and analyzed at the CALESA Biotechnology Laboratory. Morphological features of uredinial lesions and urediniospores were distinct from those of P. melanocephala and consistent with P. kuehnii E. J. Butler observed previously on specimens from Florida, Guatemala, Costa Rica, and Nicaragua (1--3). Analysis of the ITS1, 5.8S, and ITS2 and 28S large subunit rDNA sequences of the rust on infected cvs. Mex 57-1285, Mex 61-230, and Co 301 (BPI 878930, 879139, and 879140; GenBank Accession Nos. GO283006, GO283004, and GO283005, respectively) from Mexico and cv. CP 72-2086 from three locations in El Salvador (BPI 879135, 879136, and 879137; GenBank Accession Nos. GO283009, GO283007, and GO283008, respectively) all confirmed the identification of P. kuehnii. Similar analysis of the ITS1, 5.8S, and ITS2 rDNA sequence for the rust infecting cv. SP 74-8355 (GenBank Accession No. GO281584) confirmed the identification of P. kuehnii in Panama. To our knowledge, this is the first report of P. kuehnii causing orange rust disease of sugarcane in El Salvador, Mexico, and Panama. These findings also confirm the wider distribution of orange rust in the Western Hemisphere.

References: (1) E. Chavarria et al. Plant Dis. 93:425, 2009. (2) J. C. Comstock et al. Plant Dis. 92:175, 2008. (3) W. Ovalle et al. Plant Dis. 92:973, 2008.

© 2009 The American Phytopathological Society