S. J. Wylie, State Agricultural Biotechnology Centre, Murdoch University, Perth, WA 6150, Australia, and Centre for Legumes in Mediterranean Agriculture, University of Western Australia, Perth, WA 6009, Australia;
B. A. Coutts, Agricultural Research Western Australia, Locked Bag No. 4, Bentley Delivery Centre, Perth, WA 6983, Australia;
M. G. K. Jones, State Agricultural Biotechnology Centre, Murdoch University, Perth, WA 6150, Australia; and
R. A. C. Jones, Agricultural Research Western Australia, Locked Bag No. 4, Bentley Delivery Centre, Perth, WA 6983, Australia, State Agricultural Biotechnology Centre, Murdoch University, Perth, WA 6150, Australia, and School of Plant Biology, University of Western Australia, Perth, WA 6009, Australia
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Accepted for publication 7 August 2008.
Genetic diversity of Bean yellow mosaic virus (BYMV) was studied by comparing sequences from the coat protein (CP) and genome-linked viral protein (VPg) genes of isolates from four continents. CP sequences compared were those of 17 new isolates and 47 others already on the database, while the VPg sequences used were from four new isolates and 10 from the database. Phylogenetic analysis of the CP sequences revealed seven distinct groups, six polytypic and one monotypic. The largest and most genetically diverse polytypic group, which had intragroup diversity of 0.061 nucleotide substitutions per site, contained isolates from natural infections in eight host species. These original isolation hosts included both wild (four) and domesticated (four) species and were from monocotyledonous and dicotyledonous plant families, indicating a generalized natural host range strategy. Only one of the other five polytypic groups spanned both monocotyledons and dicotyledons, and all contained isolates from fewer species (one to four), all of which were domesticated and had lower intragroup diversity (0.019 to 0.045 nucleotide substitutions per site), indicating host specialization. Phylogenetic analysis of the fewer VPg sequences revealed three polytypic and two monotypic groupings. These groups also correlated with original natural isolation hosts, but the branch topologies were sometimes incongruous with those formed by CPs. Also, intragroup diversity was generally higher for VPgs than for CPs. A plausible explanation for the groups found when the 64 different CP sequences were compared is that the generalized group represents the original ancestral type from which the specialist host groups evolved in response to domestication of plants after the advent of agriculture. Data on the geographical origins of the isolates within each group did not reveal whether the specialized groups might have coevolved with their principal natural hosts where these were first domesticated, but this seems plausible.
Additional keywords:evolution, phylogeography, Potyviridae
© 2008 The American Phytopathological Society